June 18, 2024

Credit score studies include details about your money owed and are used to generate your credit score scores. Errors or inaccuracies on a credit score report can have an effect on the way in which your scores are calculated, however there’s one thing you are able to do about them. 

It’s best to verify your credit score studies repeatedly to verify errors haven’t crept in. Or that an identification thief hasn’t executed one thing to undermine your credit score. You may get a duplicate of your credit score studies from every of the three main credit score bureaus without spending a dime from AnnualCreditReport.com. 

You need not pull all three studies without delay, however you may achieve this to check accuracy throughout all three. Should you discover an error in your credit score report, Federal regulation provides you the best to dispute it. 

4 steps to dispute your credit score report data

The method for disputing errors is pretty easy. Simply ensure you have got all the main points appropriate and the documentation organized to show your factors.

1. Know what you may dispute

Errors and inaccuracies in a credit score report can embrace objects comparable to:

  • Funds that aren’t credited to your account correctly.
  • Incorrect steadiness or credit score restrict data.
  • Accounts which are erroneously reported as closed or delinquent.
  • Credit score accounts that do not belong to you.
  • Errors regarding your private data, comparable to your identify or tackle.

Damaging data comparable to late funds or delinquencies one thing you may dispute, so long as it is correct. For instance, for those who paid your bank card invoice late a few instances, the credit score bureau is not obligated to take away that late fee historical past out of your credit score profile. 

2. Determine the credit score bureau that is reporting the knowledge

Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion are the three largest credit score reporting bureaus within the U.S. If you wish to dispute a credit score report error, you may have to file your dispute with the bureau—or bureaus—that reported the knowledge.

Every credit score bureau has its personal course of for submitting disputes. You will should submit a dispute request with every bureau that is reporting an error or inaccuracy. 

So, say that an account that you just paid off continues to be listed in your Equifax and Experian credit score studies with a steadiness due three months later. You’d have to ship disputes to each credit score bureaus. 

Once more, you may get your credit score studies without spending a dime from AnnualCreditReport.com. You may as well entry your studies and credit score scores by way of myFICO.com, although you may pay a month-to-month price for credit score monitoring. 

MyFico credit score rating

Month-to-month price

$19.95 to $39.95 monthly

Credit score scoring mannequin used


Id insurance coverage

As much as $1 million

3. Submit your dispute request

As soon as what you may dispute and the place to ship the request, you may want to offer some data to the credit score bureaus. Your request ought to embrace:

  • Your identify
  • Tackle
  • Account quantity
  • Nature of the dispute
  • Copy of your credit score report with the disputed data highlighted

It is necessary to be as detailed as potential as to why you consider there’s an error in your credit score report. The extra data you may present, the simpler it could be for the credit score bureau to research. 

Bolster your case by offering supporting documentation. For instance, in case your report says you missed three funds to one among your bank cards however you have got financial institution statements displaying you made them on time, you might ship these statements to the bank card firm as proof. 

As soon as you have submitted your dispute request, the credit score bureau will take a more in-depth look. We’ll go over what really occurs throughout this part and potential dispute outcomes a bit later. 

4. Contact the unique reporter

Along with submitting a dispute with the credit score bureaus, you may also dispute inaccurate data with the enterprise that reported it. The enterprise can do its personal investigation and, if an error is discovered, notify the credit score bureaus that the knowledge ought to be corrected. 

You will have to contact the enterprise to seek out out the place to ship your dispute request and the way it ought to be introduced. The data you may seemingly want to offer is much like what you’d have to dispute credit score report errors with the credit score bureaus. 

Methods to dispute data in your credit score report

You possibly can submit credit score report disputes to the credit score bureaus in a number of methods. The way you determine to do it’s as much as you. Here is the knowledge you may have to dispute credit score report errors. 

  • Equifax

    • Equifax permits you to file disputes on-line, by mail, or over the cellphone. Should you’re mailing in your dispute, you may ship it to this tackle:
    • Equifax Data Companies, LLC
    • P.O. Field 740256
    • Atlanta, GA 30374-0256
    • For cellphone disputes, you may name 1-888-Equifax (1-888-378-4329).
  • Experian

    • Experian accepts disputes on-line, by mail, or over the cellphone. The mailing tackle for disputes is:
    • Experian
    • P.O. Field 4500
    • Allen, TX 75013
    • For cellphone disputes, you may name 1-888-397-3742.
  • TransUnion

    1. Like the opposite credit score bureaus, TransUnion accepts disputes on-line, by mail, or by cellphone. You need to use this tackle to ship in disputes by mail: 
    2. TransUnion LLC Client Dispute Middle
    3. P.O. Field 2000
    4. Chester, PA 19016
    5. The cellphone quantity to name for disputes is 1-800-916-8800.

Professional tip: Should you’re mailing in a dispute, chances are you’ll need to ship it by licensed mail so that you’ve got a paper path displaying when the credit score bureau receives it. For additional certainty, ship it “Return receipt requested.” You’ll get a postcard within the mail when it has arrived.

Potential dispute outcomes

The end result of a credit score report dispute can rely upon what’s being disputed and what the credit score bureau’s investigation finds. 

For disputes involving private data, comparable to your tackle or employment historical past, outcomes can embrace data being added, up to date, or deleted. Credit score data, comparable to fee historical past or balances, can be up to date or deleted. Nevertheless, adjustments are solely made if the credit score bureau agrees together with your dispute. if the investigation finds that the knowledge is correct, then it should stay in your credit score studies. 

Should you had been hoping for a distinct final result than the one you bought, you have got a couple of choices. You could possibly:

  • Contact the enterprise that reported the knowledge and ask them to double-check their information for errors. 
  • Submit a brand new dispute request, although this may be efficient solely if in case you have further supporting proof to show your declare. 
  • Add a press release to your credit score report specifying that you just disagree with sure data that is included in it. 

When the knowledge being disputed is unfavourable however correct, the one factor you may actually do is await it to fall off your credit score report. Damaging data can keep in your credit score for seven years—10 years for those who file for Chapter 7 chapter. 

There are corporations that publicize companies that can assist you restore your credit score. However this usually entails disputing data, which you are able to do your self utilizing the steps listed above. 

What occurs after you submit your dispute?

When you file a credit score report dispute, the credit score bureau has 30 days to research. Needless to say the bureau can halt the investigation if it believes it is frivolous or irrelevant, so long as it notifies you in writing. 

Throughout the investigation course of, the credit score bureau will ask the enterprise that reported the disputed data to substantiate its accuracy. If an error is discovered, the enterprise should notify all three credit score bureaus to allow them to appropriate your credit score studies. 

If no error is discovered, the disputed data will keep in your credit score studies. No matter whether or not the dispute is resolved in your favor or towards you, the credit score bureau with which you initiated the dispute should offer you an evidence of the end result in writing. 

TIME Stamp: Disputing credit score report errors does not should be a wrestle 

Checking your credit score studies repeatedly will help you notice errors that may be dragging your scores down. Realizing learn how to dispute credit score report inaccuracies may enhance your scores and, subsequently, make it simpler so that you can borrow cash and safe extra enticing charges.

Continuously requested questions (FAQs)

What must you do for those who disagree with the end result of your dispute?

Should you do not agree with the credit score bureau’s findings, you may attain out to the enterprise that reported the knowledge immediately. It could provoke its personal investigation to find out whether or not the knowledge is correct or not. You could possibly additionally attempt submitting a brand new dispute request to the credit score bureaus or including a press release to your credit score report saying that you just disagree with the knowledge. 

How do you observe your dispute standing?

Should you submit a credit score report dispute with a credit score bureau, it is best to have the ability to observe your request on-line. It’s possible you’ll have to register or create an account with Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion first. You will additionally want the identification quantity assigned to your dispute declare to trace its progress. As soon as the dispute investigation is full, it is best to obtain a written rationalization of the findings from the credit score bureau. 

How does disputing affect credit score?

Initiating a credit score report dispute has no affect in your credit score studies and you are not restricted as to how typically you may dispute data. If the dispute final result leads to a change being made to your credit score report, it may have an effect on your credit score scores. Whether or not the affect is constructive or unfavourable depends upon the character of the change being made.