December 2, 2023

Credit score reviews include details about your money owed and are used to generate your credit score scores. Errors or inaccuracies on a credit score report can have an effect on the best way your scores are calculated, however there’s one thing you are able to do about them. 

You need to examine your credit score reviews recurrently to verify errors haven’t crept in. Or that an identification thief hasn’t finished one thing to undermine your credit score. You may get a replica of your credit score reviews from every of the three main credit score bureaus without cost from 

You needn’t pull all three reviews without delay, however you would possibly accomplish that to match accuracy throughout all three. If you happen to discover an error in your credit score report, Federal legislation offers you the correct to dispute it. 

4 steps to dispute your credit score report data

The method for disputing errors is pretty simple. Simply make sure you have got all the small print right and the documentation organized to show your factors.

1. Know what you possibly can dispute

Errors and inaccuracies in a credit score report can embody objects resembling:

  • Funds that aren’t credited to your account correctly.
  • Incorrect stability or credit score restrict data.
  • Accounts which might be erroneously reported as closed or delinquent.
  • Credit score accounts that do not belong to you.
  • Errors referring to your private data, resembling your identify or tackle.

Unfavorable data resembling late funds or delinquencies one thing you possibly can dispute, so long as it is correct. For instance, for those who paid your bank card invoice late a few instances, the credit score bureau is not obligated to take away that late fee historical past out of your credit score profile. 

2. Establish the credit score bureau that is reporting the data

Equifax, Experian, and TransUnion are the three largest credit score reporting bureaus within the U.S. If you wish to dispute a credit score report error, you will must file your dispute with the bureau—or bureaus—that reported the data.

Every credit score bureau has its personal course of for submitting disputes. You may need to submit a dispute request with every bureau that is reporting an error or inaccuracy. 

So, say that an account that you just paid off continues to be listed in your Equifax and Experian credit score reviews with a stability due three months later. You’d must ship disputes to each credit score bureaus. 

Once more, you may get your credit score reviews without cost from You may as well entry your reviews and credit score scores by, although you will pay a month-to-month charge for credit score monitoring. 

MyFico credit score rating

Month-to-month charge

$19.95 to $39.95 per thirty days

Credit score scoring mannequin used


Identification insurance coverage

As much as $1 million

3. Submit your dispute request

As soon as you recognize what you possibly can dispute and the place to ship the request, you will want to offer some data to the credit score bureaus. Your request ought to embody:

  • Your identify
  • Deal with
  • Account quantity
  • Nature of the dispute
  • Copy of your credit score report with the disputed data highlighted

It is vital to be as detailed as doable as to why you consider there’s an error in your credit score report. The extra data you possibly can present, the simpler it might be for the credit score bureau to analyze. 

Bolster your case by offering supporting documentation. For instance, in case your report says you missed three funds to one in every of your bank cards however you have got financial institution statements displaying you made them on time, you would ship these statements to the bank card firm as proof. 

As soon as you have submitted your dispute request, the credit score bureau will take a more in-depth look. We’ll go over what truly occurs throughout this part and doable dispute outcomes just a little later. 

4. Contact the unique reporter

Along with submitting a dispute with the credit score bureaus, you can too dispute inaccurate data with the enterprise that reported it. The enterprise can do its personal investigation and, if an error is discovered, notify the credit score bureaus that the data ought to be corrected. 

You may must contact the enterprise to search out out the place to ship your dispute request and the way it ought to be offered. The knowledge you will seemingly want to offer is much like what you’d must dispute credit score report errors with the credit score bureaus. 

Methods to dispute data in your credit score report

You’ll be able to submit credit score report disputes to the credit score bureaus in a number of methods. The way you determine to do it’s as much as you. This is the data you will must dispute credit score report errors. 

  • Equifax

    • Equifax means that you can file disputes on-line, by mail, or over the cellphone. If you happen to’re mailing in your dispute, you possibly can ship it to this tackle:
    • Equifax Info Companies, LLC
    • P.O. Field 740256
    • Atlanta, GA 30374-0256
    • For cellphone disputes, you possibly can name 1-888-Equifax (1-888-378-4329).
  • Experian

    • Experian accepts disputes on-line, by mail, or over the cellphone. The mailing tackle for disputes is:
    • Experian
    • P.O. Field 4500
    • Allen, TX 75013
    • For cellphone disputes, you possibly can name 1-888-397-3742.
  • TransUnion

    1. Like the opposite credit score bureaus, TransUnion accepts disputes on-line, by mail, or by cellphone. You should utilize this tackle to ship in disputes by mail: 
    2. TransUnion LLC Client Dispute Heart
    3. P.O. Field 2000
    4. Chester, PA 19016
    5. The cellphone quantity to name for disputes is 1-800-916-8800.

Professional tip: If you happen to’re mailing in a dispute, chances are you’ll need to ship it by licensed mail so that you’ve got a paper path displaying when the credit score bureau receives it. For additional certainty, ship it “Return receipt requested.” You’ll get a postcard within the mail when it has arrived.

Potential dispute outcomes

The result of a credit score report dispute can depend upon what’s being disputed and what the credit score bureau’s investigation finds. 

For disputes involving private data, resembling your tackle or employment historical past, outcomes can embody data being added, up to date, or deleted. Credit score data, resembling fee historical past or balances, may also be up to date or deleted. Nevertheless, adjustments are solely made if the credit score bureau agrees together with your dispute. if the investigation finds that the data is correct, then it’ll stay in your credit score reviews. 

If you happen to had been hoping for a unique end result than the one you bought, you have got just a few choices. You can:

  • Contact the enterprise that reported the data and ask them to double-check their data for errors. 
  • Submit a brand new dispute request, although this may be efficient solely when you have further supporting proof to show your declare. 
  • Add an announcement to your credit score report specifying that you just disagree with sure data that is included in it. 

When the data being disputed is detrimental however correct, the one factor you possibly can actually do is watch for it to fall off your credit score report. Unfavorable data can keep in your credit score for seven years—10 years for those who file for Chapter 7 chapter. 

There are corporations that publicize companies that will help you restore your credit score. However this sometimes includes disputing data, which you are able to do your self utilizing the steps listed above. 

What occurs after you submit your dispute?

When you file a credit score report dispute, the credit score bureau has 30 days to analyze. Take into account that the bureau can halt the investigation if it believes it is frivolous or irrelevant, so long as it notifies you in writing. 

Throughout the investigation course of, the credit score bureau will ask the enterprise that reported the disputed data to verify its accuracy. If an error is discovered, the enterprise should notify all three credit score bureaus to allow them to right your credit score reviews. 

If no error is discovered, the disputed data will keep in your credit score reviews. No matter whether or not the dispute is resolved in your favor or towards you, the credit score bureau with which you initiated the dispute should offer you a proof of the result in writing. 

TIME Stamp: Disputing credit score report errors does not need to be a wrestle 

Checking your credit score reviews recurrently may also help you see errors that may be dragging your scores down. Realizing how you can dispute credit score report inaccuracies may enhance your scores and, subsequently, make it simpler so that you can borrow cash and safe extra engaging charges.

Often requested questions (FAQs)

What do you have to do for those who disagree with the result of your dispute?

If you happen to do not agree with the credit score bureau’s findings, you possibly can attain out to the enterprise that reported the data immediately. It could possibly provoke its personal investigation to find out whether or not the data is correct or not. You can additionally strive submitting a brand new dispute request to the credit score bureaus or including an announcement to your credit score report saying that you just disagree with the data. 

How do you observe your dispute standing?

If you happen to submit a credit score report dispute with a credit score bureau, you must be capable to observe your request on-line. It’s possible you’ll must register or create an account with Equifax, Experian, or TransUnion first. You may additionally want the identification quantity assigned to your dispute declare to trace its progress. As soon as the dispute investigation is full, you must obtain a written clarification of the findings from the credit score bureau. 

How does disputing affect credit score?

Initiating a credit score report dispute has no affect in your credit score reviews and you are not restricted as to how typically you possibly can dispute data. If the dispute end result leads to a change being made to your credit score report, it may have an effect on your credit score scores. Whether or not the affect is optimistic or detrimental is determined by the character of the change being made.